Gross National Happiness Index Gross National Happiness is a term coined by His Majesty the Fourth King of Bhutan, Jigme Singye Wangchuck in the 1970s. Bhutan has not yet been included in the Gallup World Poll on happiness, but has used the European Social Survey happiness question in its recent large (n=7,000) national survey. The Gross National Happiness Index is a single number index developed from the 33 indicators categorised under nine domains. A group of 32.6%, called ‘extensively happy’, have achieved sufficiency in 66-76% – in between 6 and 7 domains. Bhutan Prime Minister Dr. Lotay Tshering in his office. To answer that question, Bhutan uses its Gross National Happiness (GNH) Index. The Index, the headcount, and intensity are all ‘decomposable’, meaning they can be broken down by population group, for example, to show the composition of GNH among men and among women, or by district, and by dimension, for example to show which group is lacking in education. Download the questionnaires for GNH Survey from the following links: 1. The Centre for Bhutan Studies constructed the GNH Index using robust multidimensional methodology known as Alkire-Foster method. ROBERTO SCHMIDT/AFP/AFP/Getty Images. The GNH Index is decomposable by any demographic characteristic, meaning it can be broken down by population group, for example, to show the composition of GNH among men and among women, or by district, and by dimension, for example to show which group is lacking in education. “The trust indicator within urban areas in the country, they were deteriorating.”. A monastery on a hilltop in the Haa valley, Bhutan. Everything—from governance and economic development to cultural preservation and environmental conservation—is decided according to this holistic tenet, designed to measure and protect the collective happiness … Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Bhutan's fierce commitment to preserving culture — one of its four pillars of happiness — may have worked, but critics say it has come at an enormous cost for the country's ethnic minority. The process of measuring the Gross National Happiness started when Bhutan began to open up to globalization and began measuring its GNH based on its four pillars. A total of 48.7% of people have sufficiency in 50-65% of domains and are called ‘narrowly happy’. The analysis explores the happiness people enjoy already, then focuses on how policies can increase happiness and sufficiency among the unhappy and narrowly happy people. People are considered happy when they have sufficiency in 66% of the (weighted) indicators or more – that is, when they were identified as extensively happy or deeply happy. Scandinavian countries like Norway and Denmark are top five, scoring above 7.00, while Bhutan’s is 5.08. Bhutan is famously the only country in the world to rank Gyalyong Gakid Palzom, or Gross National Happiness (GNH), above GDP. The first WHR report dedicated a full section to Bhutan GNH Index. It is a holistic reflection of the general wellbeing of the Bhutanese population rather than a subjective psychological ranking of ‘happiness’ alone. PHOTO: Questionnaire for 2015 Survey. So those are the ingredients to help your neurons to be very strong.”. “It means the mental strength, the strength of your neurons. “Just over the last three to four decades our life expectancy at birth has increased from near 50 to over 70,” said Lotay. PHOTO: Prime Minister Dr. Lotay Tshering. “With modernization, with decent access to good health care, more nutritious food and health awareness being better day by day, so many Bhutanese now live longer.”. Success! Multidimensional Poverty Peer Network (MPPN), Bhutan’s Gross National Happiness (GNH) Index, The Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (WEAI), Shades and Breadth of Happiness in the Gross National Happiness Index, Well-being, Happiness and Public Policy (, Multidimensional Poverty in Bhutan: Estimates and Policy Implications (, Bhutan’s Gross National Happiness Index: Methodology and Results (. For policy purposes it identifies ‘happiness’ as comprising sufficient achievements in 66% of the weighted indicators, whichever domains they come from. This builds on the Government of Bhutan’s pioneering work to develop the GNH Index. In order to have one overall index, the GNH cut off was set at 66% of the variables, which is the middle cutoff used above. Gross National Happiness Index: The rest of the world, measures their growth and development in economic and quantitative terms, Bhutan is different – it has GNH – Gross National Happiness Index which measures the happiness quotient of every citizen in the country. Queen Elizabeth House (QEH), University of Oxford, Mansfield Road, Oxford OX1 3TB, UK Password reset email has been resent. Tshering visits with a patient on hospital rounds. This ‘GNH Policy Lens’ requires that the policy consequences on all relevant dimensions be considered prior to implementation. Bhutan is known as "the last Shangri-La" -- a remote Himalayan nation, rich in natural beauty and Buddhist culture, where national happiness is prioritized over economic growth. My mother said why not be a doctor so that you can be really of help to the needy ones and so … I decided to be a doctor.”. “We have to think about the next generations to come,” he added. A measure of Gross National Happiness might be presumed to comprise a single psychological question on happiness such as “Taking all things together, would you say you are: Very happy, Rather happy, Not very happy, or Not at all happy.” However, this is not the case here. The stated goal is that all government projects and policies work together to maximize GNH. The indicators and domains aim to emphasise different aspects of wellbeing, and different ways of meeting underlying human needs. Since then the idea of Gross National Happiness (GNH) has influenced Bhutan’s economic and social policy, and also captured the imagination of others far beyond its borders. Explore Bhutan's unique measure of development and its implications. The GNH Index value for 2010 is 0.737. The Scandinavian countries like Norway and Denmark are on top 5 scoring above 7.00 while Bhutan’s score is 5.08. Bhutanese average happiness measured 6.05 on … “So based on that, we have free health and free education in our country. Questionnaire for 2010 GNH Survey. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Success! Don’t be jealous with others, be happy with what you have, be compassionate, be a society where you can be more than happy to share. “When we say stronger, it just does not mean the muscle strength,” Lotay says. Happiness indexed. Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative (OPHI) Oxford Department of International Development “I joined politics to see mainly if I can bring in some policy changes,” he added, “so that with the stroke of my surgical blade, I treat one patient. Within each domain, two to four indicators were selected that seemed likely to remain informative across time, had high response rates, and were relatively uncorrelated. It includes the nine domains which are further supported by the 33 indicators. Run-of-the-river hydroelectricity accounts for the largest share of its economy. The national average was 6.066 for 2010 suggesting a very good level of happiness in Bhutan in spite of its being a least developed country with a low per capita income. Sign up here to get The Results Are In with Dr. Sanjay Gupta every Tuesday from the CNN Health team. In Bhutanese, the name means “Land of the Thunder Dragon,” a nod to the violent storms that pound the rugged mountain peaks and flood the lush valleys. “We in Bhutan are very unique; our democracy is very, very unique … in the sense we all are grounded very strongly by our national values,” said Bhutan Prime Minister Dr. Lotay Tshering, who took office in November 2018. Bhutan’s GNH Index consists of nine … The WHR happiness index is ranked through a Gallup survey on the simple questionnaire of how happy you are on a scale of one to 10, with 10 being the happiest. The phrase ‘gross national happiness’ was first coined by the 4th King of Bhutan, King Jigme Singye Wangchuck, in 1972 when he declared, “Gross National Happiness is more important than Gross Domestic Product.” The concept implies that sustainable development should take … of Oxford 12 October, 2011, OECD The country has long partnered with the World Wildlife Fund to protect native wildlife in numerous parks. “Since I come from a traditional family, I always thought we should help others,” Lotay says. Economists all over the world have argued that the key to happiness is obtaining and..enjoying... material development..Bhutan however, adheres to a very different belief and.advocates that... amassing material wealth does not necessarily lead to happiness. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. We use cookies to help give you the best experience on our website. “When we say Gross National Happiness, it is not the celebrative ‘Ha ha – Ho ho’ kind of happiness that we look for in life,” Lotay explained. To protect native Wildlife in numerous parks to human flourishing as it does wealth for economic growth to outside for... Am EDT, Fri bhutan happiness index 13, 2019 a surgical blade can only operate a patient a... Reflection of the Bhutanese way in action of medicines like anti-depressants is measured an… Bhutan achieves a happy Planet Score... It identifies four groups of people started prioritizing Happiness over other factors such as wealth, comfort and growth... Wildlife Fund to protect native Wildlife in numerous parks values, ” said Tshoki his body, and king. Urban areas in the Haa valley, Bhutan started prioritizing Happiness over other such... Stronger, it just does not mean the muscle strength, the strength of your mind, of. 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